Deep Imbalanced Attribute Classification using Visual Attention Aggregation

Nikolaos Sarafianos, Xiang Xu, Ioannis A. Kakadiaris; The European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), 2018, pp. 680-697


For many computer vision applications, such as image description and human identification recognizing the visual attributes of humans is an essential yet challenging problem. Its challenges originate from its multi-label nature, the large underlying class imbalance and the lack of spatial annotations. Existing methods follow either a computer vision approach while failing to account for class imbalance, or explore machine learning solutions, which disregard the spatial and semantic relations that exist in the images. With that in mind, we propose an effective method that extracts and aggregates visual attention masks at different scales. We introduce a loss function to handle class imbalance both at class and at an instance level and further demonstrate that penalizing attention masks with high prediction variance accounts for the weak supervision of the attention mechanism. By identifying and addressing these challenges, we achieve state-of-the-art results with a simple attention mechanism in both PETA and WIDER-Attribute datasets without additional context or side information.

Related Material

author = {Sarafianos, Nikolaos and Xu, Xiang and Kakadiaris, Ioannis A.},
title = {Deep Imbalanced Attribute Classification using Visual Attention Aggregation},
booktitle = {The European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV)},
month = {September},
year = {2018}