Explainable Face Recognition
Explainable face recognition (XFR) is the problem of explaining the matches returned by a facial matcher, in order to provide insight into why a probe was matched with one identity over another. In this paper, we provide the first comprehensive benchmark and baseline evaluation for XFR. We define a new evaluation protocol called the ``inpainting game'', which is a curated set of 3648 triplets (probe, mate, nonmate) of 95 subjects, which differ by synthetically inpainting a chosen facial characteristic like the nose, eyebrows or mouth creating an inpainted nonmate. An XFR algorithm is tasked with generating a network attention map which best explains which regions in a probe image match with a mated image, and not with an inpainted nonmate for each triplet. This provides ground truth for quantifying what image regions contribute to face matching. Finally, we provide a comprehensive benchmark on this dataset comparing five state-of-the-art XFR algorithms on three facial matchers. This benchmark includes two new algorithms called subtree EBP and Density-based Input Sampling for Explanation (DISE) which outperform the state-of-the-art XFR by a wide margin."