Boosting Decision-based Black-box Adversarial Attacks with Random Sign Flip
Decision-based black-box adversarial attacks (decision-based attack) pose a severe threat to current deep neural networks, as they only need the predicted label of the target model to craft adversarial examples. However, existing decision-based attacks perform poorly on the $ l_\infty $ setting and the required enormous queries cast a shadow over the practicality. In this paper, we show that just randomly flipping the signs of a small number of entries in adversarial perturbations can significantly boost the attack performance. We name this simple and highly efficient decision-based $ l_\infty $ attack as Sign Flip Attack. Extensive experiments on CIFAR-10 and ImageNet show that the proposed method outperforms existing decision-based attacks by large margins and can serve as a strong baseline to evaluate the robustness of defensive models. We further demonstrate the applicability of the proposed method on real-world systems."