PointAR: Efficient Lighting Estimation for Mobile Augmented Reality
We propose an efficient lighting estimation pipeline that is suitable to run on modern mobile devices, with comparable resource complexities to state-of-the-art mobile deep learning models. Our pipeline, PointAR, takes a single RGB-D image captured from the mobile camera and a 2D location in that image, and estimates 2nd order spherical harmonics coefficients. This estimated spherical harmonics coefficients can be directly utilized by rendering engines for supporting spatially variant indoor lighting, in the context of augmented reality. Our key insight is to formulate the lighting estimation as a point cloud-based learning problem directly from point clouds, which is in part inspired by the Monte Carlo integration leveraged by real-time spherical harmonics lighting. While existing approaches estimate lighting information with complex deep learning pipelines, our method focuses on reducing the computational complexity. Through both quantitative and qualitative experiments, we demonstrate that PointAR achieves lower lighting estimation errors compared to state-of-the-art methods. Further, our method requires an order of magnitude lower resource, comparable to that of mobile-specific DNNs."