Rethinking the Defocus Blur Detection Problem and A Real-Time Deep DBD Model
Defocus blur detection (DBD) is a classical low level vision task. It has recently attracted attention focusing on designing complex convolutional neural networks (CNN) which make full use of both low level features and high level semantic information. The heavy networks used in these methods lead to low processing speed, resulting difficulty in applying to real-time applications. In this work, we propose novel perspectives on the DBD problem and design convenient approach to build a real-time cost-effective DBD model. First, we observe that the semantic information does not always relate to and sometimes mislead the blur detection. We start from the essential characteristics of the DBD problem and propose a data augmentation method accordingly to destroy the semantic information and enforce the model to learn image blur related features rather than the semantic features. A novel self-supervision training objective is proposed to enhance the model training consistency and stability. Second, by rethinking the relationship between defocus blur detection and salience detection, we identify two previously ignored but common scenarios, based on which we design a hard mining strategy to enhance the DBD model. By using the proposed techniques, our model that uses a slightly modified U-Net as backbone, improves the processing speed by more than 3 times and performs competitively against state of the art methods. Ablation study is also conducted to verify the effectiveness of each part of our proposed methods."