AutoMix: Mixup Networks for Sample Interpolation via Cooperative Barycenter Learning
This paper proposes new ways of sample mixing by thinking of the process as generation of barycenter in a metric space for data augmentation. First, we present an optimal-transport-based mixup technique to generate Wasserstein barycenter which works well on images with clean background and is empirically shown complementary to existing mixup methods. Then we generalize mixup to an AutoMix technique by using a learnable network to fit barycenter in a cooperative way between the classifier (a.k.a. discriminator) and generator networks. Experimental results on both multi-class and multi-label prediction tasks show the efficacy of our approach, which is also verified in the presence of unseen categories (open set) and noise."