Estimating People Flows to Better Count Them in Crowded Scenes

Weizhe Liu, Mathieu Salzmann, Pascal Fua ;


Modern methods for counting people in crowded scenes rely on deep networks to estimate people densities in individual images. As such, only very few take advantage of temporal consistency in video sequences, and those that do only impose weak smoothness constraints across consecutive frames.
In this paper, we advocate estimating people flows across image locations between consecutive images and inferring the people densities from these flows instead of directly regressing. This enables us to impose much stronger constraints encoding the conservation of the number of people. As a result, it significantly boosts performance without requiring a more complex architecture. Furthermore, it also enables us to exploit the correlation between people flow and optical flow to further improve the results.
We will demonstrate that we consistently outperform state-of-the-art methods on five benchmark datasets. "

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