Out-of-Distribution Detection with Semantic Mismatch under Masking

Yijun Yang, Ruiyuan Gao, Qiang Xu ;


"This paper proposes a novel out-of-distribution (OOD) detection framework named MOODCat for image classifiers. MOODCat masks a random portion of the input image and uses a generative model to synthesize the masked image to a new image conditioned on the classification result. It then calculates the semantic difference between the original image and the synthesized one for OOD detection. Compared to existing solutions, MOODCat naturally learns the semantic information of the in-distribution data with the proposed mask and conditional synthesis strategy, which is critical to identify OODs. Experimental results demonstrate that MOODCat outperforms state-of-the-art OOD detection solutions by a large margin. Our code is available at https://github.com/cure-lab/MOODCat."

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