Few-Shot Class-Incremental Learning for 3D Point Cloud Objects
"Few-shot class-incremental learning (FSCIL) aims to incrementally fine-tune a model trained on base classes for a novel set of classes using a few examples without forgetting the previous training. Recent efforts of FSCIL addresses this problem primarily on 2D image data. However, due to the advancement of camera technology, 3D point cloud data has become more available than ever, which warrants considering FSCIL on 3D data. In this paper, we address FSCIL in the 3D domain. In addition to well-known problems of catastrophic forgetting of past knowledge and overfitting of few-shot data, 3D FSCIL can bring newer challenges. For example, base classes may contain many synthetic instances in a realistic scenario. In contrast, only a few real-scanned samples (from RGBD sensors) of novel classes are available in incremental steps. Due to the data variation from synthetic to real, FSCIL endures additional challenges, degrading performance in later incremental steps. We attempt to solve this problem by using Microshapes (orthogonal basis vectors) describing any 3D objects using a pre-defined set of rules. It supports incremental training with few-shot examples minimizing synthetic to real data variation. We propose new test protocols for 3D FSCIL using popular synthetic datasets, ModelNet and ShapeNet and 3D real-scanned datasets, ScanObjectNN and Common Objects in 3D (CO3D). By comparing state-of-the-art methods, we establish the effectiveness of our approach on the 3D domain."