Self-Supervised Learning for Real-World Super-Resolution from Dual Zoomed Observations
"In this paper, we consider two challenging issues in reference-based super-resolution (RefSR), (i) how to choose a proper reference image, and (ii) how to learn real-world RefSR in a self-supervised manner. Particularly, we present a novel self-supervised learning approach for real-world image SR from observations at dual camera zooms (SelfDZSR). Considering the popularity of multiple cameras in modern smartphones, the more zoomed (telephoto) image can be naturally leveraged as the reference to guide the SR of the lesser zoomed (short-focus) image. Furthermore, SelfDZSR learns a deep network to obtain the SR result of short-focus image to have the same resolution as the telephoto image. For this purpose, we take the telephoto image instead of an additional high-resolution image as the supervision information and select a center patch from it as the reference to super-resolve the corresponding short-focus image patch. To mitigate the effect of the misalignment between short-focus low-resolution (LR) image and telephoto ground-truth (GT) image, we design an auxiliary-LR generator and map the GT to an auxiliary-LR while keeping the spatial position unchanged. Then the auxiliary-LR can be utilized to deform the LR features by the proposed adaptive spatial transformer networks (AdaSTN), and match the Ref features to GT. During testing, SelfDZSR can be directly deployed to super-solve the whole short-focus image with the reference of telephoto image. Experiments show that our method achieves better quantitative and qualitative performance against state-of-the-arts. Codes are available at https://github.com/cszhilu1998/SelfDZSR."