Detecting Generated Images by Real Images

Bo Liu, Fan Yang, Xiuli Bi, Bin Xiao, Weisheng Li, Xinbo Gao ;


"The widespread of generative models have called into question the authenticity of many things on the web. In this situation, the task of image forensics is urgent. The existing methods examine generated images and claim a forgery by detecting visual artifacts or invisible patterns, resulting in generalization issues. We observed that the noise pattern of real images exhibits similar characteristics in the frequency domain, while the generated images are far different. Therefore, we can perform image authentication by checking whether an image follows the patterns of authentic images. The experiments show that a simple classifier using noise patterns can easily detect a wide range of generative models, including GAN and flow-based models. Our method achieves state-of-the-art performance on both low- and high-resolution images from a wide range of generative models and shows superior generalization ability to unseen models."

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