Temporal and Cross-Modal Attention for Audio-Visual Zero-Shot Learning
Otniel-Bogdan Mercea, Thomas Hummel, A. Sophia Koepke, Zeynep Akata
"Audio-visual generalised zero-shot learning for video classification requires understanding the relations between the audio and visual information in order to be able to recognise samples from novel, previously unseen classes at test time. The natural semantic and temporal alignment between audio and visual data in video data can be exploited to learn powerful representations that generalise to unseen classes at test time. We propose a multi-modal and Temporal Cross-attention Framework for audio-visual generalised zero-shot learning. Its inputs are temporally aligned audio and visual features that are obtained from pre-trained networks. Encouraging the framework to focus on cross-modal correspondence across time instead of self-attention within the modalities boosts the performance significantly. We show that our proposed framework that ingests temporal features yields state-of-the-art performance on the UCF-GZSL, VGGSound-GZSL, and ActivityNet-GZSL benchmarks for (generalised) zero-shot learning."