Open-World Semantic Segmentation for LIDAR Point Clouds
Jun Cen, Peng Yun, Shiwei Zhang, Junhao Cai, Di Luan, Mingqian Tang, Ming Liu, Michael Yu Wang
"Classical LIDAR semantic segmentation is not robust for real-world applications, e.g., autonomous driving, since it is closed-set and static. The closed-set network is only able to output labels of trained classes, even for objects never seen before, while a static network cannot update its knowledge base according to what it has seen. Therefore, we propose the open-world semantic segmentation task for LIDAR point clouds, which aims to 1) identify both old and novel classes using open-set semantic segmentation, and 2) gradually incorporate novel objects into the existing knowledge base using incremental learning without forgetting old classes. We propose a REdundAncy cLassifier (REAL) framework to provide a general architecture for both open-set semantic segmentation and incremental learning. The experimental results show that REAL can achieves state-of-the-art performance in the open-set semantic segmentation task on the SemanticKITTI and nuScenes datasets, and alleviate the catastrophic forgetting with a large margin during incremental learning."