Bayesian Semantic Instance Segmentation in Open Set World

Trung Pham, Vijay Kumar B. G., Thanh-Toan Do, Gustavo Carneiro, Ian Reid; The European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV), 2018, pp. 3-18


This paper addresses the semantic instance segmentation task in the open-set conditions, where input images can contain known and unknown object classes. The training process of existing semantic instance segmentation methods requires annotation masks for all object instances, which is expensive to acquire or even infeasible in some realistic scenarios, where the number of categories may increase boundlessly. In this paper, we present a novel open-set semantic instance segmentation approach capable of segmenting all known and unknown object classes in images, based on the output of an object detector trained on known object classes. We formulate the problem using a Bayesian framework, where the posterior distribution is approximated with a simulated annealing optimization equipped with an efficient image partition sampler. We show empirically that our method is competitive with state-of-the-art supervised methods on known classes, but also performs well on unknown classes when compared with unsupervised methods.

Related Material

author = {Pham, Trung and Kumar, Vijay B. G. and Do, Thanh-Toan and Carneiro, Gustavo and Reid, Ian},
title = {Bayesian Semantic Instance Segmentation in Open Set World},
booktitle = {The European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV)},
month = {September},
year = {2018}