Fusion from Decomposition: A Self-Supervised Decomposition Approach for Image Fusion
Pengwei Liang, Junjun Jiang, Xianming Liu, Jiayi Ma
"Image fusion is famous as an alternative solution to generate one high-quality image from multiple images in addition to image restoration from a single degraded image. The essence of image fusion is to integrate complementary information or best parts from source images. The current fusion methods usually need a large number of paired samples or sophisticated loss functions and fusion rules to train the supervised or unsupervised model. In this paper, we propose a powerful image decomposition model for fusion task via the self-supervised representation learning, dubbed Decomposition for Fusion (DeFusion). Without any paired data or sophisticated loss, DeFusion can decompose the source images into a feature embedding space, where the common and unique features can be separated. Therefore, the image fusion can be achieved within the embedding space through the jointly trained reconstruction (projection) head in the decomposition stage even without any fine-tuning. Thanks to the development of self-supervised learning, we can train the model to learn image decomposition ability with a brute but simple pretext task. The pretrained model allows for learning very effective features that generalize well: the DeFusion is a unified versatile framework that is trained with an image fusion irrelevant dataset and can be directly applied to various image fusion tasks. Extensive experiments demonstrate that the proposed DeFusion can achieve comparable or even better performance compared to state-of-the-art methods (whether supervised or unsupervised) for different image fusion tasks."