MVDG: A Unified Multi-View Framework for Domain Generalization

Jian Zhang, Lei Qi, Yinghuan Shi, Yang Gao ;


"Aiming to generalize the model trained in source domains to unseen target domains, domain generalization (DG) has attracted lots of attention recently. Since target domains can not be involved in training, overfitting to source domains is inevitable. As a popular regularization technique, the meta-learning training scheme has shown its ability to resist overfitting. However, in the training stage, current meta-learning-based methods utilize only one task along a single optimization trajectory, which might produce biased and noisy optimization direction. Beyond the training stage, overfitting could also cause unstable prediction in the test stage. In this paper, we propose a novel multi-view DG framework to effectively reduce the overfitting in both the training and test stage. Specifically, in the training stage, we develop a multi-view regularized meta-learning algorithm that employs multiple optimization trajectories to produce a suitable optimization direction for model updating. We also theoretically show the generalization bound could be reduced by increasing the number of tasks in each trajectory. In the test stage, to alleviate unstable prediction, we utilize multiple augmented images to yield a multi-view prediction, which significantly promotes model reliability. Extensive experiments on three benchmark datasets validate that our method can find a flat minimum to enhance generalization and outperform several state-of-the-art approaches."

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